T-SQL Tuesday #156 – Checklist for Better Production Code

Thanks to Tom Zika for hosting this month of T-SQL Tuesday! Tom asked us to share about the tips for the perfect production code.

Below are some of the tips I would like to share for the better production ready code:

1. A production ready code is always readable with detailed comments of what changes are being made to the existing code. Detailed documentation is important as this code is going to stay for years moving forward. Why, when and who changed the code needs to be documented. I have seen situations where these obvious details are being missed in production code. Code is here to stay, Developer who have written the code may or may not stay in the same company.

2. Best practices for commenting, I highly suggest you read the BrentOzar excellent post here.

3. Check for the execution times based on the DEV, TEST data. I have seen scenarios where the data size in the DEV and TEST environments are not same as production data. This can cause the difference in the execution times from lower environments to production. It is always suggested to test your code in lower environments having same amount of data as production.

4. Unit testing is important to find out if there will be any resource contention or concurrency issues ahead of time before implementing the code in production. Please find the free unit testing tools here.

5. Error handling your code. You need to have procedures in place to handle and capture the errors if in case you encounter the errors. Rollback procedures should be in place. Please read the details here. This is an excellent article on transaction handling in SQL Server.

6. Tune your code before going to production. Check for the indexes that you can create to improve the performance. Check if there are already existing indexes with the columns before creating the indexes, you may be creating duplicate indexes.

7. For better readability and style of your code, check these formatting tools here.

8. Give the sensible alias names for columns in the code.

9. Test all the use cases. Do you remember any situations where you had deployed your code in production and it failed and now everyone blames the testers and developers for not checking every use case scenario. Thorough testing on all use cases is important for a successful production deployments.

10. Do not run the code you see online directly on production. I know, I know, you will say never! but even the code from the legitimate website you always use, please check the entire code, test the code in test environments before thinking to use the same sample code in production.

These are some of the things that you can check if your code is ready for production deployment. I am looking forward to read the posts from other SQL family members for this month T-SQL Tuesday!

Thanks for reading!

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